Meaning-carrying tools, like handbooks or maps, can help collect content and stories as well as assist others who want to adopt the idea.


Established ideas have knowledge cartography challenges for newcomers, consider trying to decipher a subway map in a foreign city. When the idea or system is only "newly discovered", the associated meanings may not be well understood, and indeed they may not have been created. Even if a topic is only "personally new", it can be hard to find one's way around.


The process of creating the guide can go hand-in-hand with figuring out how the system works. Thus, techniques ofknowledge cartography andmeaning making are useful for would-be guide creators.1


It is important to keep in mind how "the map is not the territory," and map-making is only one facet of shared human activity. For instance, a pattern description can be thought of as a "micro-map" of a specific activity. These maps are not useful if they are divorced from practice. The process of creating a guide creates a certain formality to the project, forcing participants to catalogue and explicate their idea. Additionally, the act generally leads to deadlines which can help prod individuals to work on the project more regularly.


Writing down this pattern clarifies the importance of creating a guide for your idea if you want others to adopt it for use.2 If people complain that they are confused, now we know why.

What's Next

Working with our shepherd at PLoP to improve this paper!3

dashboard (image by Amanda Lyons, used with permission).


We started the Peeragogy project by collaboratively making an

outline for the Peeragogy Handbook. We recommended this handbook-making practice to others, as a way to learn collaboratively and build a strong group.


As [[][Richard

Stallman]] wrote about free software documentation: "The biggest deficiency in free operating systems is not in the software---it is the lack of good free manuals that we can include in these systems. Many of our most important programs do not come with full manuals. Documentation is an essential part of any software package; when an important free software package does not come with a free manual, that is a major gap."


Regarding connections with programming per se: we are not

currently making software in the Peeragogy project, but we do continually evaluate and assemble software tools to support our activities. We often run into "bottleneck" problems; see Carrying capacity. The better we are able to exposit the problems we're dealing with, the more likely it is that our high-level analysis (and synthesis) has the potential to inform future programming work.