"Good faith collaboration"

  1. Reagle, J. M. (2010). Good faith collaboration: The culture of Wikipedia, MIT Press.

Writings about fun and boredom

  1. Kano, J. (1995/2013). The Contribution of Judo to Education.

  2. Pale King, unfinished novel, by David Foster Wallace

  3. On the Poverty of Student Life, by Mustapha Khayati

The structure of learning

Check out work by Bruce Tuckman, Gilly Salmon, Ken Wilber, Martin Oliver, Gráinne Conole, Ruth Deakin-Crick, Howard Gardner, and Mihaly Csíkszentmihályi.


  1. Simon Sinek, Start With Why: How Great Leaders Inspire Everyone To Take Action, Penguin Books, 2011

Case Study: 5PH1NX

  1. Senge, Peter. "The fifth discipline: The art and science of the learning organization." New York: Currency Doubleday (1990).

Alexandrian Design Patterns

  1. Article, "Manifesto 1991" by Christopher Alexander, Progressive Architecture, July 1991, pp. 108--112, provides a brief summary of Alexander's ideas in the form of a critique of mainstream architecture. Many of the same sorts of critical points would carry over to mainstream education. Some highlights are excerpted here.

  2. The Origins of Pattern Theory, the Future of the Theory, And The Generation of a Living World, Christopher Alexander's talk at the 1996 ACM Conference on Object-Oriented Programs, Systems, Languages and Applications (OOPSLA)

On Newcomers

  1. OpenHatch.org, "an open source community aiming to help newcomers find their way into free software projects."

  2. Why do newcomers abandon open source software projects? (sildes by Igor Steinmacher and coauthors)


  1. The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

  2. Bourdieu's notion of "symbolic violence".


  1. Cavallo, David. "Emergent design and learning environments: Building on indigenous knowledge." IBM Systems Journal 39.3.4 (2000): 768-781.

Convening a Group

  1. Engeström, Y. (1999). Innovative learning in work teams: Analyzing cycles of knowledge creation in practice. In Y. Engeström, R. Miettinen & R.-L-. Punamäki (Eds.), Perspectives on activity theory, (pp. 377-404). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

  2. Gersick, C. (1988). Time and transition in work teams: Toward a new model of group development. Academy of Management Journal 31 (Oct.): 9-41.

  3. Mimi Ito's observations about manga fan groups co-learning Japanese

  4. Rheingold U, MindAmp groups

  5. Shneiderman, B. (2007). Creativity support tools: accelerating discovery and innovation. Commun. ACM 50, 12 (December 2007), 20-32.

  6. David de Ugarte, Phyles. (Summary) (Book)

  7. Scheidel, T. M., & Crowell, L. (1964). Idea development in small discussion groups. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 50, 140-145.

  8. Scheidel, T. M., & Crowell, L. (1979), Discussing and Deciding - A Desk Book for Group Leaders and Members, Macmillan Publishing

  9. Ozturk and Simsek, "Of Conflict in Virtual Learning Communiities in the Context of a Democratic Pedagogy: A paradox or sophism?," in Proceedings of the Networked Learning Conference, 2012, Maastricht. Video or text.

  10. Paragogy Handbook, How to Organize a MOOC

  11. Cathy Davidson et al., How a Class Becomes a Community

K-12 Peeragogy

For pointers to tools for your classroom, check out:

How to develop your PLN:

Theory & philosophy of connnected learning for classroom


Adding Structure with Activities

  1. The d.school Bootcamp Bootleg (CC-By-NC-SA) includes lots of fun activities to try. Can you crack the code and define new ones that are equally cool?

  2. Puzio, R. S. (2005). "On free math and copyright bottlenecks." Free Culture and the Digital Library Symposium Proceedings.


  1. Peer Education: Training of Trainers Manual; UN Interagency Group on Young Peoples Health

  2. Co Facilitating: Advantages & Potential Disadvantages. J. Willam Pfeifer and John E Johnes

  3. Summary of John Heron's model of the role of facilitators

  4. Carl Rogers, Core Conditions and Education, Encyclopedia of Informal Education

  5. Peer Mediation, Study Guides and Strategies

  6. Co-Facilitation: The Advantages and Challenges, Canadian Union of Public Employees

  7. Bohemia Interactive Community Wiki Guidelines

  8. Barrett-Lennard, G. T. (1998) Carl Roger's Helping System. Journey and Substance, London: Sage

  9. 5 Pillars of Wikipedia, from Wikipedia

  10. Training the Force (2002) US Army Field Manual #FM 7-0 (FM 25-100)

  11. Learning Reimagined: Participatory, Peer, Global, Online, by Howard Rheingold

  12. Research Gate is a network dedicated to science and research, in which members connect, collaborate and discover scientific publications, jobs and conferences.

  13. Creating and Facilitating Peer Support Groups, by The Community Tool Box

  14. Facilitation Tips, by Villanova University

  15. Herding Passionate Cats: The Role of Facilitator in a Peer Learning Process, by Pippa Buchanan

  16. Reflective Peer Facilitation: Crafting Collaborative Self-Assessment, by Dale Vidmar, Southern Oregon University Library

  17. Effective Co-Facilitation, by Everywoman's Center, University of Massachussetts

  18. "Teaching smart people how to learn" by Chris Argyris, Harvard Business Review 69.3, 1991; also published in expanded form as a book with the same name.


  1. Morgan, C. and M. O'Reilly. (1999). Assessing Open and distance learners. London: Kogan Page Limited.

  2. Schmidt, J. P., Geith, C., Håklev, S. and J. Thierstein. (2009). Peer-To-Peer Recognition of Learning in Open Education. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. Volume 10, Number 5.

  3. L.S. Vygotsky: Mind in Society: Development of Higher Psychological Processes

  4. Reijo Miettinen and Jaakko Virkkunen, Epistemic Objects, Artifacts and Organizational Change, Organization, May 2005, 12: 437-456.

Technologies, Services, and Platforms

  1. Irene Greif and Sunil Sarin (1987): Data Sharing in Group Work, ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems, vol. 5, no. 2, April 1987, pp. 187-211.

  2. Irene Greif (ed.) (1988): Computer-Supported Cooperative Work: A Book of Readings, San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufman.

  3. Irene Greif (1988): Remarks in panel discussion on "CSCW: What does it mean?", CSCW `88. Proceedings of the Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, September 26-28, 1988, Portland, Oregon, ACM, New York, NY.

  4. Kammersgaard, J., Four Different Perspectives on Human-Computer Interaction. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 28(4): 343-362 (1988)

  5. DeSanctis, G. and Poole, M. S. 1994, 'Capturing the complexity in advanced technology use: Adaptive structuration theory', Organisation Science, vol. 5, no. 2, p. 121-47.

  6. Norman, D. A. 1986, 'Cognitive engineering', in Norman, D. A. and Draper, S. W., (eds) User Centered System Design: New Perspectives on Human-Computer Interaction, pp. 31-61. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates.

  7. Vessey, I. and Galletta, D. 1991, 'Cognitive fit: An empirical study of information acquisition', Information Systems Research, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 63-84.

Real-Time Meetings

  1. Howard Rheingold's webconferencing bookmarks on Delicious.

Additional Tips from an open source perspective

Care of User:Neophyte on the Teaching Open Source wiki.

  1. The Art of Community

  2. Open Advice

  3. The Open Source Way


  1. Rheingold, H. Why use forums? Social Media Classroom.

  2. Rheingold, H. (1998). The Art of Hosting Good Conversations Online.

  3. Gallagher, E. J. (2006). Guidelines for Discussion Board Writing. Lehigh University.

  4. Gallagher, E.J. (2009). Shaping a culture of conversation. The discussion board and beyond. The Academic Commons.

  5. Academic Technology Center. (2010). Improving the Use of Discussion Boards. Worcester Polytechnic Institute.


  1. Corneli, J. (2010). Implementing Paragogy, on Wikiversity.

  2. Corneli, J. and C. Danoff. (2010/2013). Paragogy.net.

Learning vs Training

  1. Hart, J. (April 20th, 2012). Is it time for a BYOL (Bring Your Own Learning) strategy for your organization? Learning in the Social Space. Jane Hart's Blog.


  1. Rheingold, H. (2010). Shelly Terrell: Global Netweaver, Curator, PLN Builder. DML Central.

  2. Richardson, W. and R. Mancabelli. (2011). Personal Learning Networks: Using the Power of Connection to Transform Education. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press.

  3. Howard Rheingold's PLN links on Delicious

Connectivism in Practice --- How to Organize a MOOC (Massive Open

Online Class)

  1. Downes & Siemens MOOC site

  2. What Connectivism Is by Stephen Downes

  3. An Introduction to Connective Knowledge by Stephen Downes

  4. Facilitating a Massive Open Online Course, by Stephen Downes

  5. gRSShopper

  6. Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age by George Siemens

  7. A Connectivism Glossary

  8. Rhizomes and Networks by George Siemens

  9. Rhizomatic Education: Community as Curriculum by Dave Cormier

  10. Knowing Knowledge, a book by George Siemens

  11. Net Smart, Howard Rheingold (about internal and external literacies for coping with the 'always on' digital era)

  12. Massive Open Online Courses: Setting Up (StartToMOOC, Part 1)

  13. The MOOC guide

And, a word list for your inner edu-geek

You can read about all of these things on Wikipedia.

  1. Constructivism

  2. Social constructivism

  3. Radical constructivism

  4. Enactivism

  5. Constructionism

  6. Connectivism